The erstwhile Malabar district of British India became a part of the newly formed Kerala state on November 1st 1956. And a new revenue district named Kozhikode was formed on 1st January 1957. Calicut is the anglicized form of ‘Kalikut’, the Arabic word for the Malayalam Kozhikode. It is also called ‘cock fort’. According to historian, K.V.Krishna Iyyer the term means Koyil (palace) Kodu (fortified). Anyhow it is a historical town with a rich past to proud of.
Kozhikode was known to the world even before Christ as the Centre of Malabar, the land of Spices and festivals. Traders have been coming here for centuries in search of spices and other precious commodities. Vascoda Gama opened the gateway to India by landing at ‘Kappad’, 16 km north of Kozhikode city in May 1498 as the leader of a trade mission from Portugal. He was welcomed by the Zamorin of Calicut. Kozhikode attained a position of pre-eminence in the trade of pepper and other spices since 13th Century, which made it an ‘Indian Emporium’ of international trade. As Kozhikode offered full freedom and security, the Arabs and Chinese merchants preferred it to all other parts.
Topographically the district includes three distinct region – the Sandy belt, the rocky highlands formed by the hilly portion of the Western Ghats and lateritic midland. The total area of the district is2344 Sq.Kms, comprising 362.85 sq.Kms of Sandy Coastal belt, 1343.50 Sq.Kms of lateritic midlands, and 636.765 Sq.Kms of rocky high lands. The district has a coastal length of about 80 Kms. The highland region accounts for 29.80 percent and the low land region for 15.55 percent of the total area of district. Kozhikode district has one City Corporation, Two municipalities, three taluks, and 117 villages
|Kozhikode District at a glance|
|District Head Quarters||Kozhikode|
|Scheduled Caste||1.85 Lakh|
|Scheduled Tribal||5407 Nos|
|Urban Population||11.00 Lakh|
|Calicut Corporation Population||4.36 Lakh|
|Rural Population||17.77 Lakh|
|Number of Literates||23.51 Lakh|
|Number of Households||457000 Nos|
|Projected Population (1992-2000)||29.55 Lakh|
The total area of the district is 2345 Sq. Kms. Out of these 336 Sq. Kms fall under urban area and the remaining 2009 Sq. Kms falls under rural area.
The district is bounded on the north by Kannur district, on the east by Wayanad district, on the south by Malappuram district and on the west by the Arabian Sea. Kozhikode district is situated between n North latitudes 11.08’ and 11.50’ and East longitudes 75.30’ and 76.08’. The area of this district is 2345 Sq.Kms.
|Area of the District : Kozhikode.|
|Rural / Urban||Area in Sq. Km|
The natural forests fall made three main categories, the southern tropical most deciduous, Western tropical west evergreen and semi ever green. The important rivers of district are Mahe river, the Morrad (Kutttiadi river), the Korapuzha, the Kallai river, the Chaliyar and the Kadalundi river. The total area under forests in Kozhikode district is estimated as 291.2268 Sq.Kms., that is reserve forests 86.1388 Sq.Kms and vested forests 205.0880 Sq.Kms.